top of page


Journal Articles & Professional Studies

A BID for Urban Regeneration

The Business of Trails

Streetscape Features Related to Pedestrian Activity

Streetscape Plan & Parking Study

Parklet Impact


Other Articles drawn upon 

Planning Theory 

Hover over the image to reveal the concept definition

parket for web.jpg

A parklet is a sidewalk extension that provides more space and amenities for people using the street. Usually parklets are installed on parking lanes and use several parking spaces. Parklets typically extend out from the sidewalk at the level of the sidewalk to the width of the adjacent parking space.



Row of Houses

CPTED’s goal is to prevent crime by designing a physical environment that positively influences human behavior. The theory is based on four principles: natural access control, natural surveillance, territoriality, and maintenance.

Crime Prevention 

​​Through Environmental Design

Image by Tim Arterbury

Broken Window Theory 

The broken windows theory is a criminological theory that states that visible signs of crime, anti-social behavior, and civil disorder create an urban environment that encourages further crime and disorder, including serious crimes



Walkability is a measure of how friendly an area is to walking. Walkability has health, environmental, and economic benefits.


Adaptive Reuse

Using an old/existing building for a purpose other than its originally planned (or former) purpose. These buildings can be used for housing purposes, business, offices, etc.

new urb.jpg

New Urbanism is an urban design movement which promotes environmentally friendly habits by creating walkable neighborhoods containing a wide range of housing and job types. The organizing body for New Urbanism is the Congress for the New Urbanism, founded in 1993. Its foundational text is the Charter of the New Urbanism.


Non-conforming Use

A nonconforming use is a use of property that was allowed under the zoning regulations at the time the use was established but which, because of subsequent changes in those regulations, is no longer a permitted use

Lined Up Books

Policy alignment

The alignment of policy usually entails a process of refinement, iteration, clarification, and communication during the development, and following the adoption, of a new policy or set of policies

Aerial View of a Suburb

Traditional neighborhood development

Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND) refers to the development of a complete neighborhood or town using traditional town planning principles. TND may occur in infill settings and involve adaptive reuse of existing buildings, but often involves all-new construction on previously undeveloped land. To qualify as a TND, a project should include a range of housing types, a network of well-connected streets and blocks, humane public spaces, and have amenities such as stores, schools, and places of worship within walking distance of residences


Public Private Partnership

Public-private partnerships involve collaboration between a government agency and a private-sector company that can be used to finance, build, and operate projects, such as public transportation networks, parks, and convention centers. Financing a project through a public-private partnership can allow a project to be completed sooner or make it a possibility in the first place.

Senior Men Playing Chess

Aging in Place

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defines aging in place as "the ability to live in one's own home and community safely, independently, and comfortably, regardless of age, income, or ability level

around mills .png

Cluster Mapping 

Cluster mapping creates a dataset on the presence of clusters across geographies, based on a standardized set of benchmark cluster definitions that group individual industries uniquely into cluster categories

Economic Development Policies

Hover over the image to reveal the jurisdiction's policies

Electronic Circuit
San Jose 
Calm Sea
Cargo Shipping Containers
Stoney River
Bridge over a River
Image by Owen Lystrup
Butte County
Image by Pamela Heckel
Adams County
River Rapids
Pend Oreille  County
Wild Pond
Klickitat County
Image by Matt Artz
Palm Trees
Forest Path
Aerial View of a Suburb
Sunset on Eureka, California's Pacific c
Sea Shore
Mendocino County
Image by McCall Alexander
bottom of page